Japanese HA-1 Generic Central Bobbin

The Japanese HA-1 class was not limited to a single manufacturer and there was a wide variation in features although they are all relatively basic cast steel straight stitch domestic sewing machines which went into production in Japan as part of the peacetime reconstruction; the innovation of that time was the use of specialist contractors who would mass manufacture common parts. Here in Australia (I am sure the story is similar in other countries) most HA-1 were sold as "cleanskins" to retailers who would give them house branding, fit them with locally made motors and furnish them in locally made carry boxes or cabinets. HA-1 machines may be powered by treadle, crank or motor.

The HA-1 class is highly recommended to costume makers or anyone else who wants a machine that will stand up to "abuse", it is still a domestic machine, but the CB shuttle system (though not as quiet or smooth) is far more robust than rotary hook shuttle systems of models like Singer 201, 206 or 401.

There were a variety of stitch length controls, but they usually have one similar to the 15K88 (like the Palmer Princess above) or German models (like the Pinnock Seweasy at the bottom of the page)

All HA-1 models use a 1 o'clock "15 class" bobbin case, which is one of many reasons why it is very risky to refer to HA-1 as "Singer 15 Clones", a passing similarity and family resemblance doesn't make a clone, and while there is shared DNA, there are influences from German and Italian made CB models. Toyota and Brother were two of the

and CB bobbins:

Many have the easy release shuttle for cleaning and a feed dog drop control on the bed of the machine, but there are exceptions.

Early 1950s Mitsubishi
Circa late 1950s or early '60s "Empisal", uncertain manufacturer.
Circa 1960s HG Palmer branded, manufactured by Brother
Sunlik are a "mystery" brand but I suspect this machine was manufactured in Taiwan in the early 1970s

Pinnock imported cleanskin Toyota machines, finishing and furnishing them at their "factory" in Elizabeth, South Australia.

They made very emphatic claims that the machines were made in Australia, but the only the motors and carry boxes were made here. The same Toyota models were sold by Morse in the USA


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